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Table 2 Mean and SD of HGS and PS in different age groups and total sample

From: Normative values of handgrip and pinch strengths in healthy female college students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

   HGS (kg) Palmar pinch (kg) Key pinch (kg) Tip pinch (kg)
Age (yr) N D Non-D D Non-D D Non-D D Non-D
19 10 24.2 ± 0.9** 21.9 ± 1.5 5.9 ± 1.1 4.9 ± 1.0 5.7 ± 2.0 4.7 ± 0.8 5.0 ± 2.2 3.9 ± 1.0
20 11 25.0 ± 0.8** 22.4 ± 1.2 4.7 ± 0.7 4.2 ± 1.1 5 ± 0.7** 4.1 ± 0.8 4.3 ± 0.4** 3.5 ± 1.0
21 10 26.8 ± 1.8 24.5 ± 3.4 5.4 ± 0.7 4.9 ± 0.7 4.8 ± 0.7 4.7 ± 0.9 4.5 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.0
22 22 28.7 ± 2.7**,a 25.5 ± 2.8a 6.4 ± 2.2** 4.7 ± 1.1 5.5 ± 1.7** 4.4 ± 1.2 4.6 ± 1.4** 3.8 ± 1.2
23 39 29.7 ± 2.1**,a 26.1 ± 2.7a 6.5 ± 2.2** 4.9 ± 1.1 6 ± 1.6** 4.6 ± 1.2 5 ± 2.0** 3.9 ± 1.0
24 33 30 ± 1.8**,a 26.1 ± 2.2a 6.4 ± 1.8** 4.3 ± 1.3 5.7 ± 1.3** 4.1 ± 1.1 4.6 ± 1.1** 3.3 ± 0.8
25 14 31.5 ± 2.4**,a 25.4 ± 2.3 6.5 ± 1.4** 4.4 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0** 4.2 ± 0.9 4.2 ± 0.8 3.6 ± 1.0
Total 139 28.8 ± 2.9** 25.2 ± 2.8 6.2 ± 1.9 4.6 ± 1.1 5.56 ± 1.44 4.4 ± 1.1 4.7 ± 1.5 3.7 ± 1.0
  1. yr years, kg kilograms, N number, D dominant, Non-D nondominant
  2. **Significant differences between dominant and nondominant hands (P˂0.01)
  3. aSignificant in respect to age