Maigne’s syndrome is a poorly understood condition that affects the thoracolumbar junction. The symptoms can range from pain in the low back, pelvis, hip, lower abdomen, and groin. These symptoms can have bio-mechanical and neurophysiological attributions due to the complexity of spinal mechanics. Thoraco-lumbar junction (T12-L1) is a transitional zone with a higher degree of mean angular motion and a mean translation motion than T10-T11 and T11-T12. This higher degree of translational and rotation mobility predisposes these segments to a higher degree of stress, making them more prone to biomechanical faults such as dysfunctions and positional faults. These altered static and dynamic mechanics can create a cascade of problems along the biomechanical chain. The co-existence of thoracolumbar junction problems with pelvic pain and dysfunctions strengthens the idea of regional interdependence.
The patient is a 44-year-old Caucasian male who reported pain in the low back with symptoms radiating to the right hip, iliac region, lower abdomen, and gluteal region. The patient tested positive for Sacroiliac joint dysfunction with both Laslett’s cluster testing and palpatory sacroiliac examination. In addition, the segmental examination showed restriction in thoracolumbar junction with positive skin rolling test and hypomobility in manual segmental testing. Thus, the manual therapy treatment targeted the thoracolumbar junction and sacroiliac joint to address the underlying biomechanical dysfunctions.
The manual therapy targeting both sacroiliac and thoracolumbar spine can improve pelvic and thoracic spine mobility. In addition, therapeutic exercises can focus on enhancing anterior and posterior chain force generation capacity. This combined approach helped improve functional outcomes with a significant decrease in the Modified Oswestry Disability index and significant improvement on Visual analog scale.